Bolivia has a surprising variety of amazing landscapes. The country offers great adventurous, mysterious Indian markets, salt flats, majestic icebound peaks and deserts of the Andes to the Amazon rainforests and amazing savannahs. The country still has the indigenous cultures of the Indians, 36 native languages. A country of extremes, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in South America. .
La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia, while Sucre is the constitutional capital. Situated on steep hills at an elevation of roughly 3,650 meters (11,975 ft) above sea level, La Paz is the highest “de facto” capital city in the world. The sight from the air as one flies into La Paz is incredible. First, the sprawling slums of El Alto appear, slowly giving way to the sight of La Paz itself, clinging to the sides of what looks like a large gash in the earth.
Tiwanaku, found on the southern shore of Lake Titicaca, was the capital city of one of the most important civilizations to exist prior to the Incas. Archaeologists have excavated only a small part of the city, but they estimate that at its peak at least 20,000 people lived in the city. Excavations have shown that the citizens lived in separate neighborhoods, which were enclosed by large adobe walls. Other remains found in Tiwanaku include temples, a pyramid, large gates and carvings of alien-like faces.
We will start the experience tour to Tiwanaku Archaeological Temple, Antique pre-Inca archaeological city: Ceramic and Lithic Museums, Akapana Pyramid, Semi-Subterranean Temple, Kalasasaya Temple, Sun Gate and Ponce Monolite will be visited. Finally, you will visit a strategically aligned man-made terraced platform mound with a sunket court and monumental structure on top, Puma Punku Complex.
Located in the Andes Mountains, Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt flat in the world. It has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter (3 feet) over the entire area of the Salar. The expanse of salt creates an unending white landscape during the dry season, but the area is most breathtaking in the rainy season when it is covered in water. The reflection of the blue sky creates a spectacular and surreal landscape, though some tourists insist on seeing the salt.
With one leg in Peru and one leg in Bolivia, it’s easy to see how this vast water body hails in as the largest lake in South America.
Just think: Titicaca is the pool formed from 27 separate rivers, roaring down from the glaciers of the Andes and into the flatlands of the Altiplano.
Islands pepper its cobalt-blue surface on both sides of the border; Bolivia claiming the enthralling Isla del Sol (named for being the revered birthplace of the sun in pre-Columbian belief), where ancient remnants like the Pilco Kaima and Kasa Pata mix with carved terraces of hardy grain, leather-faced locals and squawking llamas.
Then there’s Suriki, the home of the iconic reed boat peoples.
Lake Titicaca’s simply not to be missed!
Bolivia Death Road has earned its name, an estimated 200 people per year were dying when it was declared the world’s most dangerous road. Most vehicles now opt for a new highway and fatalities have fallen significantly. Read on for some practical advice on how to survive the world’s most dangerous road, on your mountain bike.
Stargazing inside the Uyuni Salt Flat is one of the most sublime things you can do for enjoyment and inspiration. There is just something so wonderful about standing (or lying or sitting) under a starry sky that evokes feelings of awe and wonder.
During the rainy season, stargazers in Uyuni get an added bonus when relaxing under the night sky as the water reflects everything just like a giant mirror. The feeling is one of walking in space amongst the stars.
From the star clusters of the Southern Cross and nebulae of Sagittarius, to the interstellar gas of Carina and galaxies of the Fornax Cluster, there's no better place to stargaze than in Uyuni.
The sky in Uyuni is usually clear, and it offers magnificent opportunities for stargazing at night. If you have a good camera and some experience, you can take unbelievable time-lapse photos of the starry sky and the salt flat below it.